3. Dismissal of suit, etc. instituted, etc. after period of limitation.—
Subject to the provisions contained in sections 4 to 25 (inclusive), every suit instituted, appeal preferred, and application
made after the period of limitation prescribed therefor by the First Schedule shall be dismissed although limitation has not been set up as a defence.
Explanation.—A suit is instituted, in ordinary cases, when the plaint is presented to the proper officer; in the case of a pauper, when his application for leave to sue as a pauper is made; and, in the case of a claim against a company which is being would up by the Court, when the claimant first sends in his claim to the official liquidator.
4. Where Court is closed when period expires.—
Where the period of limitation prescribed for any suit, appeal or application expires on a day when the Court is closed, the suit, appeal or application may be instituted, preferred or made on the day that the Court re-opens.
5. Extension of period in certain case.–
Any appeal or application for [a revision or] a review of judgment or for leave to appeal or any other application to which this section may be made applicable [by or under any enactment] for the time being in force may be admitted after the period of limitation prescribed therefore, when the appellant or applicant satisfies the Court that he had sufficient cause for not preferring the appeal or making the application within such period.
Explanation.—The fact that the appellant or applicant was misled by any order, practice or judgment of the High Court in ascertaining or computing the prescribed period of limitation may be sufficient cause within the meaning of this section.
6. Legal disability.—
7. Disability of one of several plaintiffs or applicants.—
Where one of several persons jointly entitled to institute a suit 14[or proceeding] or make an application for the execution of a decree is under any such disability, and a discharge can be given without the concurrence of such person, will run against them all; but, where no such discharge can be given, time will not run as against any of them until one of them becomes capable of giving such discharge without the concurrence of the others or until the disability has ceased.
8. Special exceptions.—
Nothing in section 6 or in section 7 applies to suits to enforce rights of pre-emption, or shall be deemed to extend, for more than three years from the cessation of the disability or the death of the person affected thereby, the period within which any suit must be instituted or application made.
9. Continuous running of time.—
Where once time has begun to run, no subsequent disability or inability to sue stops it:
Provided that where letters or administration to the estate of a creditor have been granted to his debtor, the running of the time prescribed for a suit to recover the debt shall be suspended while the administration continues.
10. Suits against express trustees and their representatives.—
Notwithstanding anything hereinbefore contained, no suit against a person in whom property has become vested in trust for any specific purpose, or against his legal representatives or assigns (not being assigns for valuable consideration), for the purpose of following in his or their hands such property or the proceeds thereof, or for an account of such property or proceeds, shall be barred by any length of time.
For the purposes of this section any property comprised in a Hindu, Muhammadan or Buddhist religious or charitable endowment shall be deemed to be property vested in trust for a specific purpose, and the manager of any such property shall be deemed to be the trustee thereof.
11. Suits on foreign contracts.—
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